Getting There: Soyuz or Dragon
First constructed in the 1960’s, Soyuz is a series of spacecraft developed for the Soviet space program that has completed over 140 flights. Having undergone numerous technological developments and improvements, the Soyuz spacecraft offers an established and safe way to reach the International Space Station, and prior to the introduction of the Dragon capsule in 2020, it was the only means by which astronauts could reach the ISS. Launched by the Soyuz rocket, the Soyuz spacecraft can carry three astronauts to the Space Station from its launch site in Kazakstan.
Space X’s Dragon capsule spacecraft has completed over 23 flights to the International Space Station. Up until 2020, its primary use was to transport cargo but it now offers passenger flights for both NASA and commercial astronauts. The Dragon crew capsule is launched to the edge of space by the Falcon 9 rocket. Once separated, it can perform manoeuvres to maintain course for the International Space Station.